European beachgrass series
Section: herb Series Dominated by Herbaceous Plants
Series formation: 
Series height:<1m
Series canopy cover:?
Series ground layer:?
Elevation range (lower):0
(upper):   0
Wetland information:[not available]
Upland information: Uplands:dunes of coastal bars, river mouths, spits along the immediate coastline. Soils sandy. The national list of wetland plants (Reed 1988) lists European beachgrass as a FAC.
Reference:Barbour (1970), Barbour & Johnson (1977), Boyd (1992).
Comments:European beachgrass has been planted to stabilize dunes in o-NorCo. Changes have occurred as a result of its introduction (Parker 1974). Areas historically with stands of Native dunegrass and Sand-verbena - beach bursage series are now dominated by this and other exotic plants [ see Native dunegrass series, Sand-verbena - beach bursage series, Yellow bush lupine series]. Much recent interest in dune ecology surrounds the role that this species plays in creating current vegetation patterns. At Humboldt Bay there is an attempt to restore native-dominated stands and enhance populations of rare Humboldt Bay wallflower (a CNPS List 1B plant) and beach layia (a CNPS List 1B plant) (Pickart et al. 1989, Skinner & Pavlik 1994).
Plot based descriptions:Barbour (1970) defines a stand at Bodega Head in Sonoma Co.; Parker (1974) in Barbour & Johnson (1977) and Duebendorfer (1989) each define one association at Clam Beach, one association along the North Spit of Humboldt Bay. LaBanca (1993) resampled the rea studied by Parker, finding a rather different organization of dune plants. He recognizes one association in Humboldt Co. o-NorCo.
Series Association:Parker (1974): European beachgrass-Australian fireweed association [as Ammophila-Erichtiches association]. Duebendorfer (1989): Beachgrass association [= LaBanca (1993)].
FormationSparsely vegetated sand dunes
Geographical associated regions: View Regions for: European beachgrass series
Representative Image: View Representative Photograph for: European beachgrass series
Common species: View common species for: European beachgrass series

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