Coyote brush series
Section: shrb Series Dominated by Shrubs
Series formation: 
Series height:<2 m
Series canopy cover:ci
Series ground layer:v
Elevation range (lower):0
(upper):   1000
Wetland information:[not available]
Upland information: Uplands:stabilized dunes of coastal bars, river mouths, spits along coastline; coastal bluffs, open slopes, terraces.
Reference:Barbour (1994), DaSilva & Bartolome (1984), Heady et al. (1977b), Grams et al. (1977), McBride (1974), Paysen et al. (1980).
Comments:Heady et al. (1977b) describe coyote brush shrublands on o-NorCo bluffs, slopes, and terraces, but stands occur in CenCo and SoCo as well. Axelrod (1978) notes that coyote brush is important in all divisions of his coastal scrub except the Diegan. Coyote brush invad s recently logged land in NorCo well away from the coast. Coyote brush stands are considered ones that develop into forest (McBride 1974), or are permanent (Grams et al. 1977). In Humboldt Co. coyote brush grows on coastal dunes, where it invades areas stabilized by European beachgrass and yellow bush lupine (Parker 1974) which were originally Sand-verbena - beach bursage series vegetation. Coast bluff scrub descriptions are included in part. Definitions differ in plant height and cover from coastal scrub, but contrast little in species composition. Keeler-Wolf (1990e) qualitatively describes coyote brush stands at Limekiln Creek RNA (now part of the Cone Peak Gradient RNA) in Monterey Co. o-CenCo.
Plot based descriptions:Elliott & Wehausen (1974) define one association at Point Reyes National Sea-shore, Fiedler & Leidy (1987) one association in Marin Co., Grams et al. (1977) one association, which is com-parable to (Heady et al. 1977b) one association in Sonoma Co., Parker (1974) in Barbour & Johnson (1977) three associations, LaBanca (1993) two asso-ciations on sand Humboldt Co. o-NorCo; Baxter (1992) defines one association, McBride (1974) compares scrub to forest in Contra C sta Co. o-CenCo.
Series Association:Baxter (1992): Coyote brush/seaside woolly-sunflower association. Elliott & Wehausen (1974): Coyote brush/tufted hairgrass association. Fiedler & Leidy (1987): Coyote brush/creeping ryegrass association. Grams et al. (1977): Coyote brush/sword fern as [as Coastal scrub; Mt. Vision, Jenner, Stuarts Pt. locations in Table 21-7 (Heady et al. 1977b)]. Heady et al. (1977b): Coyote brush-California sagebrush as [as Coastal scrub; Monterey, Santa Cruz, San Mateo Co. locations in Table 21-7 (Barbour & Johnson 1977); = Artemisia califor pilularis-Elymus condensatus association (Kirkpatrick & Hutchinson 1977)]. Parker (1974) in (Barbour & Johnson 1977): Coyote brush-yellow bush lupine association, Coyote brush/European beachgrass association [as Ammophila-Baccharis community], Coyote brush/California figwort association [= LaBanca (1993)].
FormationTemperate broad-leaved evergreen shrubland
Geographical associated regions: View Regions for: Coyote brush series
Representative Image: View Representative Photograph for: Coyote brush series
Common species: View common species for: Coyote brush series

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