Chamise-black sage series
Section: shrb Series Dominated by Shrubs
Series formation: 
Series height:<3 m
Series canopy cover:c
Series ground layer:s
Elevation range (lower):10
(upper):   1600
Wetland information:[not available]
Upland information: Uplands:slopes south-facing. Soils shallow, may be rocky.
Reference:Gray (1983), Hanes (1977, 1981, 1994), Horton (1960), Keeley (1993), Keeley & Keeley (1988), Pase (1982a), Patric & Hanes (1964), Schmida & Whittaker (1981), Vogl & Schorr (1972).
Comments:This series definition follows Gordon & White (1994). Chamise occurs in many chaparral, coastal scrub, and tree series. If chamise has > 60% cover, the stand is a member of the Chamise series. If chamise cover is 60-30% and black sage cover 30-60%, then the stand is a member of this series. [ see Chamise-white sage series]. In some areas stands of chamise mix with stands of coastal scrub forming a mosaic of different series [ see Black sage series, California buckwheat series, California sagebrush series, Mixed sage series, Purple sage series, White sage series]. Further variation in stand composition can be handled at the association level.
Plot based descriptions:Gordon & White (1994) define a Chamise-black sage association m-TraR, SoCo.
Series Association:[not available]
FormationTemperate broad-leaved evergreen shrubland
Geographical associated regions: View Regions for: Chamise-black sage series
Representative Image: View Representative Photograph for: Chamise-black sage series
Common species: View common species for: Chamise-black sage series

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