Yellow bush lupine series
Section: shrb Series Dominated by Shrubs
Series formation: 
Series height:<2 m
Series canopy cover:?
Series ground layer:v
Elevation range (lower):0
(upper):   30
Wetland information:[not available]
Upland information: Uplands: stabilized dunes of coastal bars, river mouths, spits along coastline; coastal bluffs, terraces.
Reference:Barbour (1994), Barbour & Johnson (1977c), Davidson & Barbour (1977), Foin & Hektner (1977), Miller (1988), Paysen et al. (1980).
Comments:The species range covers most of o-CenCo and o-NorCo. It grows on coastal dunes, headlands, and terraces. This CA native is considered an "exotic" north of Manchester Beach in Mendocino Co. In Hum-boldt Co. it has a history of being planted to stabilize and (Miller 1988). It is very successful at colonizing and enriching the sand, and as a result is changing vegetation patterns. Yellow bush lupine stands in Humboldt Co. are being managed by annual removal to restore Sand-verbena - beach bursage series stands and enhance populations of rare species (Pickart et al. 1989).
Plot based descriptions:Hektner & Foin (1977) define one association at Sea Ranch on terraces in Sonoma Co.; Holton & Johnson (1979) two associations at Point Reyes National Seashore on sand in Marin Co.; Duebendorfer (1989), LaBanca (1993), Parker (1974) in Major and Barbour 1977a) three associations at Humboldt Bay on sand in Humboldt Co. o-NorCo.
Series Association:Duebendorfer (1989): Yellow bush lupine-ripgut association [as Lupine/grass type]. Holton & Johnson (1979): Yellow bush lupine as [= LaBanca (1994)], Yellow bush lupine-heather goldenbush association. Hektner & Foin (1977): Yellow bush lupine-vernal grass association. Parker (1974): Yellow bush lupine-California figwort association.
FormationSparsely vegetated sand dunes
Geographical associated regions: View Regions for: Yellow bush lupine series
Representative Image: View Representative Photograph for: Yellow bush lupine series
Common species: View common species for: Yellow bush lupine series

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