Whiteleaf manzanita series
Section: shrb Series Dominated by Shrubs
Series formation: 
Series height:<4 m
Series canopy cover:ci
Series ground layer:s
Elevation range (lower):150
(upper):   1850
Wetland information:[not available]
Upland information: Uplands:ridges, upper slopes, may be steep. Soil shallow, may be ultra-mafic derived.
Reference:Hanes (1977, 1981), Horton (1960), Keeley & Keeley (1988), Patric & Hanes (1964), Pase (1982a), Paysen et al. (1980).
Comments:Whiteleaf manzanita occurs as scattered shrubs as a forest understory or the sole or dominant shrub in what is often called montane chaparral. Self-perpetuating stands grow on shallow soils; those transitional to forest occur on deeper soils. This serie is found at both low and montane elevations. Whiteleaf manzanita series stands share shrub species and elevations with several shrub-dominated series. The Pine Hill area with its several endemics mix in stands dominated by chamise [see Chamise series] or by whiteleaf manzanita locally forming this series [Gabbroic northern mixed chaparral] on Rescue loam soils in w. El Dorado Co. f-SN (Wilson 1986). The Jepson Manual recognizes three subspecies of whiteleaf manzanita. Arctostaphylos viscida ssp. mariposa ) grows in SN, A. v. ssp. pulchella in NorCo, KlaR, and A. v. ssp. viscida throughout the range of the other subspecies. All subspecies are included in this series. Keeler-Wolf (1990e) qualitatively describes whiteleaf manzanita stands at Frenzel Creek RNA called serpentine chaparral in Colusa Co. i-NorCo.; Grizzly Mountain RNA in Mariposa Co. m-SN.
Plot based descriptions:Stuart et al. (1992) defines a Whiteleaf manzanita-greenleaf manzanita-canyon live oak association at Castle Crags State Park in Siskiyou C o. l-KlaR; Keeler-Wolf (1983) in Keeler-Wolf (1990e) describes stands at Frenzel Creek RNA called serpentine chaparral in Colus Co. i-NorCo.
Series Association:[not available]
FormationTemperate broad-leaved evergreen woodland
Geographical associated regions: View Regions for: Whiteleaf manzanita series
Representative Image: View Representative Photograph for: Whiteleaf manzanita series
Common species: View common species for: Whiteleaf manzanita series

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