Western hemlock series
Section: tree Series Dominated by Trees
Series formation: 
Series height:<60 m
Series canopy cover:c
Series ground layer:a
Elevation range (lower):0
(upper):   400
Wetland information:[not available]
Upland information: Uplands:slopes; raised stream benches and terraces. Soils sandstone, schist-derived. The national inventory of wetland plants (Reed 1988) lists western hemlock as a FACU.
Reference:Western hemlock range in CA (Griffin & Critchfield 1972); silvics (Packee TA \\s "McDonald 1990" 1990). Franklin (1988), Franklin & Dyrness (1973), Franklin et al. (1983), Harris (1980b), Olson et al. (1990), Roy, (1980), Zinke (1977).
Comments:This series is restricted in extent in Nor-CA, but is extensive in OR and WA. In CA stands of the series are mainly represented by stands logged two or more times. This species is also present, even important, in redwood and Sitka spruce stands as well see Douglas-fir -tanoak series, Redwood series, Sitka spruce series].
Plot based descriptions:Westman & Whittaker (1975) define a coastal ravine Spruce-hemlock type in Mendocino Co., Keeler-Wolf (1987d) in Keeler-Wolf (1990e) a Western hemlock subtype of Port-Orford-cedar - Douglas-fir - western hemlock forests at Upper Goose Creek candidate RNA in Del Norte Co., NDDB has plot data on a Mad River stand in Humboldt Co. o-NorCo.
Series Association:[not available]
FormationTemperate or sub-polar needle-leaved evergreen forest
Geographical associated regions: View Regions for: Western hemlock series
Representative Image: View Representative Photograph for: Western hemlock series
Common species: View common species for: Western hemlock series

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