Washoe pine series
Section: tree Series Dominated by Trees
Series formation: 
Series height:<25 m
Series canopy cover:io
Series ground layer:g
Elevation range (lower):2100
(upper):   2850
Wetland information:[not available]
Upland information: Uplands:all slopes, but most extensive on upper slopes. Soils granitic or volcanic-derived.
Reference:Washoe pine range in CA (Griffin & Critchfield 1972). Rundel et al. (1977).
Comments:It is unclear whether this species establishes a separate series, is a rare to important component in other series, or is found in distinct stands. The problem of hybridization between ponderosa pine, Jeffrey pine, and Washoe pine creates additional confusion [see Riegel et al. (1990) for a discussion of taxonomic problems in s. WarR].
Plot based descriptions:Talley (1977), Keeler-Wolf (1989j) in Keeler-Wolf (1990e) describe stands at Babbitt Peak RNA in Sierra Co. m-SN; Riegel et al. (1990) define one association, Smith (1994) two associations in Modoc National Forest in Modoc Co. WarR.
Series Association:Riegel et al. (1990): Washoe pine/tailed lupine association [as a Washoe pine phase of Abies concolor/Lupinus caudatus association]. Smith (1994): Washoe pine/desert snowberry/sticky starwort association [as White fir-Washoe pine/desert snowberry/starwort association], Washoe pine/pinemat manzanita association.
FormationMixed needle-leafed evergreen-cold deciduous forest
Geographical associated regions: View Regions for: Washoe pine series
Representative Image: View Representative Photograph for: Washoe pine series
Common species: View common species for: Washoe pine series

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