Valley oak series
Section: tree Series Dominated by Trees
Series formation: 
Series height:<30 m
Series canopy cover:io
Series ground layer:g
Elevation range (lower):0
(upper):   775
Wetland information:Wetlands:soils intermittently flooded, seasonally saturated. Water chemistry: fresh. Floodplains. Cowardin class: Palustrine forested wetland. Uplands: valley bottoms; gentle slopes; summit valleys. Soils alluvial or residual. The national inventory of wet-land plants (Reed 1988) lists valley oak as a FAC*.
Upland information: Uplands:valley bottoms; gentle slopes; summit valleys. Soils alluvial or residual. The national inventory of wet-land plants (Reed 1988) lists valley oak as a FAC*.
Reference:Valley oak range in CA ( TA \\s "Griffin and Critchfield 1972" Griffin & Critchfield 1972). Allen et al. (1989, 1991a), Allen-Diaz & Holtzman (1991), Danielsen (1990), Barbour (1988), Griffin (1976b, 1977), Holstein (1984), Pavlik et al. (1991), Paysen et al. (1980), Thompson (1961), Warner & Hendrix (1984), White (1966a). TA \\ s "Griffin and Critchfield 1972"
Comments:CNPS is very interested in biology and conservation of oaks, especially valley oak (CNPS Oak Hardwood Committee 1989, Faber 1990, Plumb & Pillsbury 198
Plot based descriptions:Griffin (1977) describes upland stands in the Santa Lucia Mountains, Keeler-Wolf (1989a) reports tree density, basal area, and frequency for different aged stands at Wagon Caves candidate RNA in Monterey Co. i-CenCo; Conard & Robichaux (1980) describe a riparian valley oak forest stand along the Cosumnes River, Sacramento Co., Knudsen (1987) describes stands at Boblaine Audubon Sanctuary in Sutter Co. CenV; Thomas (1987) describes stands in Santa Monica Mount ains National Recreation Area in Los Angeles Co. SoCo; Allen et al. (1989, 1991a) define seven upland associations in Cis-CA.
Series Association:Allen et al. (1991a): Black oak-valley oak/grass association, Blue oak-valley oak/grass association, Coast live oak-valley oak/poison-oak association, Mixed oak-valley oak/poison-oak - California coffeeberry association, Blue oak-valley oak/grass association, Valley oak/grass association, Valley oak-coast live oak/grass association.
FormationMixed broad-leaved evergreen-cold deciduous woodland
Geographical associated regions: View Regions for: Valley oak series
Representative Image: View Representative Photograph for: Valley oak series
Common species: View common species for: Valley oak series

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