Sumac series
Section: shrb Series Dominated by Shrubs
Series formation: 
Series height:<4 m
Series canopy cover:o
Series ground layer:?
Elevation range (lower):0
(upper):   400
Wetland information:[not available]
Upland information: Uplands:slopes often steep. Soils shallow, coarse.
Reference:Keeley & Keeley (1988), Paysen et al. (1980).
Comments:This series is often overlooked by combining it with mixed chaparral, but many characteristic chaparral genera ( Adenostoma, Arctostaphylos, Ceanothus, Quercus ) are absent or occur only uncommonly. Structure is continuous in the northern part of its range, but increasingly open the south. Lloret & Zedler (1991) describe lemonade berry recruitment; Miller & Pole (1979) describe water use by sumacs and other shrubs. Peruvian pepper and Brazilian pepper are naturalized and increasingly common in sumac stands. White (1994b) qualitatively describes sumac stands in the Puente Hills in Los Angeles Co. o-SoCo.
Plot based descriptions:not available.
Series Association:[not available]
FormationMixed evergreen-deciduous shrubland
Geographical associated regions: View Regions for: Sumac series
Representative Image: View Representative Photograph for: Sumac series
Common species: View common species for: Sumac series

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