Spinescale series
Section: shrb Series Dominated by Shrubs
Series formation: 
Series height:<2 m
Series canopy cover:o
Series ground layer:vap
Elevation range (lower):50
(upper):   800
Wetland information:Wetlands:habitats intermittently flooded, saturated. Water chemistry: mixosaline. Dry lake beds; plains. Cowardin class: Palustrine shrub-scrub wetland. Uplands: alluvial fans; old lake beds perched above current drainages. Soils may be carbonate-rich. The national list of wetland plants (Reed 1988) lists spinescale as a FAC.
Upland information: Uplands:alluvial fans; old lake beds perched above current drainages. Soils may be carbonate-rich. The national list of wetland plants (Reed 1988) lists spinescale as a FAC.
Reference:Bittman (1985), Griggs (1980), Griggs & Zaninovich (1984), Paysen et al. (1980), Vasek & Barbour (1977), Werschskull (1984).
Comments:This is a series often considered part of the chenopod or saltbush scrub. These scrubs are better thought of as a collection of series. Stands of spine-scale alone or mixed with shadscale are common and extensive. If no dominant saltbush is present, the stand is assigned to Mixed saltbush series. If one dominates then the stand is a member if the Shadscale series or Spinescale series [ see Shadscale series].
Plot based descriptions:Phillips & MacMahon (1981) in MacMahon (1988) report density and cover for stands in San Bernardino Co. MojD.
Series Association:[not available]
FormationMixed evergreen-deciduous shrubland
Geographical associated regions: View Regions for: Spinescale series
Representative Image: View Representative Photograph for: Spinescale series
Common species: View common species for: Spinescale series

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