Spikerush series
Section: herb Series Dominated by Herbaceous Plants
Series formation: 
Series height:<0.5 m
Series canopy cover:ci
Series ground layer:?
Elevation range (lower):0
(upper):   2500
Wetland information:Wetlands:habitat seasonally flooded, semi-permanently flooded, permanently saturated, seasonally saturated, intermittently exposed. Water chemistry: fresh. Margins of channels, lakes, ponds, overflow areas, reservoirs, rivers, streams; depressions; seeps; swales. Cowardin classes: Lacustrine littoral unconsolidated shore wetland, Palustrine nonpersistent emergent freshwater wetland, Palustrine persistent emergent freshwater wetland, Palustrine unconsolidated freshwater shore wetland, Riverine emergent wetland. The national list of wetland plants (Reed 1988) lists spikerushes as a FACW, OBL.
Upland information: [not available]
Reference:Mason (1957).
Comments:This series contains both low and high elevation stands, but plot data are available only for montane and subalpine ones. Ratliff (1985) takes up montane and subalpine meadows for the central Sierra, especially Yosemite National Park and surrounding are s in terms of vegetative series.
Plot based descriptions:Beguin & Major (1975) define one association at Grass Lake RNA in El Dorado Co., Benedict (1983) two associations at Rock Creek, Halpern (1986) two associations in Sequoia National Park in Fresno Co., Rae (1970) one association at Mason Bog in Nevada Co , Taylor (1984) one association at Harvey Monroe Hall RNA in Mono Co. m-SN, su-SN; Kepecko & Lathrop (1975) two associations at Santa Rosa Plateau in Riverside Co. o-SoCo; Odion et al. (1992) two associations at Fish Slough in Inyo Co. Tra-SN.
Series Association:Beguin & Major (1975): Nevada rush-spikerush association [as Junco nevadensis-Eleochartetum quinqueflorae]. Benedict (1983): Few-flowered spikerush association [= Taylor (1984)], Few-flowered spikerush - Primrose monkey flower association [containing categories B, C, D (Rae 1970)]. Halpern (1986): Mountain spikerush-cowbane association [containing 2 phases], Mountain spikerush-moss association. Kepecko & Lathrop (1975): Pale spikerush - water-starwort association [as Standing water zone], Spikerush-water pygmy association [as Muddy margin zone]. Odion et al. (1992): Littlebeak spikerush - common three-square association [as Scirpus-Eleocharis association], Littlebeak spikerush-alkali muhly association [as Eleocharis-Muhlenbergia association].
FormationTemperate or sub-polar grassland with sparse shrub layer
Geographical associated regions: View Regions for: Spikerush series
Representative Image: View Representative Photograph for: Spikerush series
Common species: View common species for: Spikerush series

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