Shadscale series
Section: shrb Series Dominated by Shrubs
Series formation: 
Series height:<1 m
Series canopy cover:cio
Series ground layer:s
Elevation range (lower):450
(upper):   2500
Wetland information:[not available]
Upland information: Uplands:bajadas; flats; lower slopes; playas; valleys; washes. Soils carbonate-rich, may have desert pavement.
Reference:Burk (1977), MacMahon (1988), MacMahon & Wagner (1985), McHargue (1973), Paysen et al (1980), Thorne (1982), Turner (1982b), Vasek & Barbour (1977), Young et al. (1977).
Comments:This series is often considered part of the chenopod or saltbush scrub. These scrubs are better thought of as a collection of series. Stands of shadscale alone or mixed with spinescale are common and extensive. If no dominant saltbush is present, the stand is assigned to Mixed saltbush series. If one dominates then the stand is a member if the Shadscale series or Spinescale series. Young et al. (1977) qualitatively define associations that illustrate the variation within this extensive series.
Plot based descriptions:Billings (1949) describes 9 widely distributed stands in e. San Bernardino Co. MojD and w. NV. NDDB has plot data on file for Surprise Valley in Modoc Co. ModP; Ferren & Davis (1991) define two associations at Fish Slough in Inyo Co. TraSN.
Series Association:Associations: Ferren & Davis (1991): Greasewood-shadscale association, Shadscale-Nevada ephedra association.
FormationTemperate broad-leaved evergreen shrubland
Geographical associated regions: View Regions for: Shadscale series
Representative Image: View Representative Photograph for: Shadscale series
Common species: View common species for: Shadscale series

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