Sand-verbena - beach bursage series
Section: herb Series Dominated by Herbaceous Plants
Series formation: 
Series height:<.25m
Series canopy cover:?
Series ground layer:?
Elevation range (lower):0
(upper):   0
Wetland information:[not available]
Upland information: Uplands:sand dunes of coastal bars, river mouths, spits along the immediate coastline.
Reference:Barbour (1970), Barbour & Johnson (1977), Breckon (1974), MacDonald & Barbour (1974), McBride & Stone (1976), Williams (1985).
Comments:The Sand-verbena - beach bursage series occurs along the coast at localized stretches of sand isolated by headlands and rocky tidepools. Davy (1902) presents an early account of Humboldt and Del Norte Cos. dunes. Patches of European beachgrass, iceplant, coyote brush, and yellow bush lupine can occur as emergent plants.Much recent interest in the State's dune ecology focuses on introduced (exotic) species that have changed vegetation patterns and dynamics. European beachgrass, yellow bush lupine, and iceplant are being managed in some areas to restore native-dominated stands and en-hance populations re Humboldt Bay wallflower (a CNPS List 1B plant) and beach layia (a CNPS List 1B plant) (Pickart et al. 1989, Skinner & Pavlik 1994). [ see European beachgrass series, Yellow bush lupine series]. Other series that occur on coastal dunes are Dune lupine-heather goldenbush series, Coyote brush series, European beachgrass series, Hooker willow series, Iceplant series, Native dunegrass series, Sedge series, and Yellow bush lupine series.
Plot based descriptions:Duebendorfer (1989), Johnson (1963), Parker (1974) in Barbour & Johnson (1977), Pickart (1989) define four associations from Humboldt Bay to Trinidad Head, Humboldt Co.; Holton & Johnson (1979) two associations at Point Reyes National Seashore in Marin o. o-NorCo; Bluestone (1981) one association at Salinas River State Beach in Monterey Co., Williams & Potter (1972), Williams (1985) one association at Morro Bay in San Luis Obispo Co. o-CenCo. Couch (1914) presents counts for 7 plots at Manhattan Beach hich he describes as practically undisturbed in Los Angeles Co. o-SoCo. The plots closest to the ocean are dominated by beach bursage, and the inland ones with chamise and dune plants. NDDB has data from Santa Catalina Island ChaI
Series Association:Bluestone (1981): Beach morning glory-dune sagebrush [as Foredune hallow and middune]. Duebendorfer (1989): Seashore bluegrass-dune sagebrush association [as Southern dune mat, = Pickart (1987) Artemisia phase of dune mat]. Holton & Johnson (1979): Beach bursage - seaside woolly-sunflower association, Seaside woolly-sunflower - yellow bush lupine association. Johnson (1963): Plants on active sand [as Moving dunes community]. Parker (1974) in Barbour and Johnson (1977c): Seashore bluegrass-beach pea association [as Poa-Lathyrus community, = Stabilized ridge community, Foredune community (Johnson 1963), Northern dune mat (Duebendorfer 1989), Poa-Lathyrus phase of dune mat (Pickart 1987)]. Williams & Potter (1972): Strand.
FormationSparsely vegetated sand dunes
Geographical associated regions: View Regions for: Sand-verbena - beach bursage series
Representative Image: View Representative Photograph for: Sand-verbena - beach bursage series
Common species: View common species for: Sand-verbena - beach bursage series

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