Redwood series
Section: tree Series Dominated by Trees
Series formation: 
Series height:<120 m
Series canopy cover:i
Series ground layer:ax
Elevation range (lower):10
(upper):   600
Wetland information:[not available]
Upland information: Uplands:slopes, all aspects; reased stream benches and terraces. Soils mostly sandstone or schist-derived. The national inventory of wetland plants (Reed 1988) does not list redwood.
Reference:Redwood range in CA (Griffin & Critchfield 1972); silvics (Olson et al. 1990). Franklin (1988), Olson (1983), Olson et al. (1990), Paysen et al. (1980), Pillers & Stuart (1993), Roy (1980), Veirs (1982), Zinke (1977).
Comments:Ecologists differentiate forests on alluvial streamside terraces, where redwood is the only canopy tree, from those on upland settings, where redwood shares the canopy with other coni-fer and broadleaf tree species. These differences are emphasized at t e association level. Keeler-Wolf & Keeler-Wolf (1977), Borchert (1987) in Keeler- Wolf (1993e) qualitatively describe stands at Limekiln RNA (now part of the Cone Gradient RNA) in Monterey Co. o-CenCo.
Plot based descriptions:Borchert et al. (1988) define seven associations in Monterey Co. o-CenCo; Matthew (1986a, 1986b) four associations at Humboldt Redwood State Park in s. Humboldt Co.; Combs (1984) describes stand structure in Little Lost Man Creek RNA, Lenihan (1990) defines three assoc ations at Redwood National Park in n. Humboldt Co., Taylor (1982) in Keeler-Wolf (1990e) one association in Del Norte Co. o-NorCo.
Series Association:Borchert et al. (1988): Redwood-bigleaf maple/California polypody/Gamboa association, Redwood/bracken-chain fern/streamsides association, Redwood/bracken-trillium/Gamboa-Sur association, Redwood/Gamboa-Sur association, Redwood/man root-common vetch/Gamboa- Sur association, Redwood-tanoak/round-fruited sedge - Douglas iris/Gamboa association. Lenihan (1990): Redwood/deer fern association, Redwood/little Oregon-grape association [= Redwood/sword fern association (Taylor 1982)], Redwood/madrone association. Matthews (1986a, 1986b): Redwood-Douglas-fir/madrone association, Redwood-Douglas-fir/salal association, Redwood-Douglas-fir/black huckleberry association, Redwood/redwood oxalis association.
FormationTemperate or sub-polar needle-leaved evergreen forest
Geographical associated regions: View Regions for: Redwood series
Representative Image: View Representative Photograph for: Redwood series
Common species: View common species for: Redwood series

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