Red willow series
Section: tree Series Dominated by Trees
Series formation: 
Series height:<15 m
Series canopy cover:c
Series ground layer:v
Elevation range (lower):0
(upper):   1700
Wetland information:Wetlands:habitats seasonally flooded, saturated. Water chemistry: fresh. Ditches; flood-plains; lake edges; low-gradient depositions along rivers, streams. Cowardin class: Palustrine forested or shrub-scrub wetland. The national inventory of wetland plants (Reed 1988) does not list red willow.
Upland information: [not available]
Reference:Bowler (1989), Capelli & Stanley (1984), Faber et al. (1989), Holstein (1984), Paysen et al. (1980), Read & Sprackling (1980).
Comments:Willow stands may or may not be dominated by a single species. If no dominant willow is present at low elevations, then place the stands in the Mixed willow series. Montane and subalpine willow stands are placed in separate classes since different willo species are restricted to those elevations [see Montane wetland shrub habitat, Subalpine wetland shrub habitat]. Stands of the Red willow series have environmental conditions similar to alder, cottonwood, and other willow series [see Black cottonwood series, Black willow series, Fremont cottonwood series, Hooker willow series, Pacific willow series, Sitka willow series, White alder series].
Plot based descriptions:not available.
Series Association:[not available]
FormationCold-deciduous woodland
Geographical associated regions: View Regions for: Red willow series
Representative Image: View Representative Photograph for: Red willow series
Common species: View common species for: Red willow series

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