Red shank - birchleaf mountain-mahogany series
Section: shrb Series Dominated by Shrubs
Series formation: 
Series height:<5 m
Series canopy cover:c
Series ground layer:s
Elevation range (lower):1300
(upper):   1800
Wetland information:[not available]
Upland information: Uplands:all slopes. Soils alluvial or bedrock-derived, may be rocky.
Reference:Hanes (1965, 1977, 1981), Keeley & Keeley (1988), Pase (1982a).
Comments:This series definition follows Gordon & White (1994). If red shank has > 60% cover, the stand is a member of the Red shank series. If red shank cover is 60-30% and birchleaf mountain-mahogany cover 30-60%, then the stand is a member of this series. Stands of the Red shank-birchleaf mountain-mahogany series have little or no chamise. If chamise is important with red shank, the stands belong to the Red shank-chamise series.
Plot based descriptions:Gordon & White (1994) define a Red shank - birchleaf mountain-mahogany association in m-PenR.
Series Association:[not available]
FormationMixed evergreen-deciduous shrubland
Geographical associated regions: View Regions for: Red shank - birchleaf mountain-mahogany series
Representative Image: View Representative Photograph for: Red shank - birchleaf mountain-mahogany series
Common species: View common species for: Red shank - birchleaf mountain-mahogany series

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