Quillwort series
Section: herb Series Dominated by Herbaceous Plants
Series formation: 
Series height:<10m
Series canopy cover:?
Series ground layer:?
Elevation range (lower):0
(upper):   1500
Wetland information:Wetlands:habitat permanently flooded, seasonally flooded. Water chemistry: fresh. Lakes; ponds; stream margins; vernal pools. Cowardin classes: Lacustrine littoaquatic bed wetland, Palustrine aquatic bed wetland. The national list of wetland plants (Reed 1988) lists quillworts as a OBL.
Upland information: [not available]
Reference:Mason (1957).
Comments:The Jepson Manual recognizes six quillwort species. Three, Isoetes bolanderi, I. echinospora , and I. occidentalis are found in montane lakes and ponds; two, I . howellii and I. orcuttii , in vernal ponds, and I. nuttallii may occur along stream margins. Quillworts may dominate lake and pond bottoms, and also occur in vernal pools [ see Vernal pools section]. PRIVA 0e0070686f656e6978000300000000000200b311010000000200972941000000
Plot based descriptions:Taylor (1984) defines a Torreyochloa moss-Bolander quillwort association at Harvey Monroe Hall RNA in Mono Co. a-SN.
Series Association:[not available]
FormationTemperate or sub-polar grassland with sparse shrub layer
Geographical associated regions: View Regions for: Quillwort series
Representative Image: View Representative Photograph for: Quillwort series
Common species: View common species for: Quillwort series

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