Purple needlegrass series
Section: herb Series Dominated by Herbaceous Plants
Series formation: 
Series height:<1 m
Series canopy cover:o
Series ground layer:?
Elevation range (lower):0
(upper):   1300
Wetland information:[not available]
Upland information: Uplands:all topographic locations. Soils deep with a high clay content.
Reference:Barry (1972), Bartolome (1981), Bartolome & Gemmill (1981), Beetle (1947), Bittman (1985), Griggs (1980), Heady (1977), Hull & Muller (1977), Keeley (1993a, 1993), Magney (1992), Paysen et al. (1980), Stoddart et al. (1975), Turner & Brown (1982), White (1966b, 1967).
Comments:Stands of this once extensive series now typically include non-native annual species mixed with the perennial grasses and herbs. Ripgut, soft chess, and foxtail chess are common, as are slender oats, wild oats, and Italian ryegrass. Foothill needlegrass nodding needlegrass, and purple needlegrass occur sympatrically, but do not typically mix, especially in SoCo. The species tend to segregate based on substrate and slope factors [ see Foothill needlegrass series, Nodding needle-grass series]. In the ecological literature purple needlegrass is referred to as Stipa pulchra . The Jepson Manual places purple needlegrass in the genus Nassella . PRIVA 0e0070686f656e6978000300000000000200b311010000000200972941000000
Plot based descriptions:Fiedler & Leidy (1987) define an association at Ring Mountain, Parker (1990) one association on Mount Tamalpais in Marin Co. o-NorCo; Stuart al. (1993) an association at Castle Crags State Park in Siskiyou Co. l-KlaR; White (1966a, 1967) a native bunchgrass grassland dominated by purple needlegrass at Hasting Reservation in Monterey Co. o-CenCo; Kellogg & Kellogg (1990, 1991) present unclassifie plot data on areas dominated by foothill needle-grass, nodding needlegrass, or purple needlegrass at Pendleton Marine Corps Base in San Diego Co. o-SoCo.
Series Association:Fiedler & Leidy (1987): Italian ryegrass-purple needlegrass association [as Serpentine bunchgrass grassland]. Parker (1990): Wild oats-purple needlegrass association. Stuart et al. (1993): Purple needlegrass/purple sanicle association.
FormationTemperate or sub-polar grassland with sparse shrub layer
Geographical associated regions: View Regions for: Purple needlegrass series
Representative Image: View Representative Photograph for: Purple needlegrass series
Common species: View common species for: Purple needlegrass series

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