Pickleweed series
Section: herb Series Dominated by Herbaceous Plants
Series formation: 
Series height:< 1.5m
Series canopy cover:ci
Series ground layer:?
Elevation range (lower):0
(upper):   1200
Wetland information:Wetlands:habitat regularly flooded, irregularly flooded; permanently saturated with shallow water table. Water chemistry: mixohaline, euhaline, hyperhaline, saline. Estuaries: mud flats, banks, berms, and margins of bays, deltas, sandbars; valley b ottoms, lower portions of alluvial slopes. Cowardin classes: Estuarine intertidal persistent emergent wetland, Palustrine persistent emergent saline wetland. The national list of wetland plants (Reed 1988) lists pickleweeds as a OBL.
Upland information: [not available]
Reference:Chapman (1977), Henrickson (1976), MacDonald (1977), MacDonald & Barbour
Comments:Five species of Salicornia grow in California. Bigelow pickleweed and common pickleweed, are frequently found in coastal salt marshes; S. utahensis occurs in alkali meadows. S. europaea and S. subterminalis are found in both habitats. Bulrush series, Cordgrass series, Ditch-grass series, Pickleweed series, Saltgrass series, and Sedge series occur in CA salt marshes. Barnhart et al. (1992) describe Humboldt Bay marshes in Humboldt Co. o-NorCo; Josselyn (1983) details San Francisco Bay salt marshes o-CenCo; Zedler (1982) So-CA ones.
Plot based descriptions:The Barnhart et al. (1992) survey includes three associations defined by Eicher (1987) and Newton (1989), Eicher & Sawyer (1989) describe areas invaded by Spartina alterniflora for Humboldt Bay marshes in Humboldt Co., Cuneo (1987) San Francisco and San Pablo bay marshes o-NorCo; Atwater et al. (1979) define three associations in Contra Costa, Solano Co. d-CenV; Peinado et al. (1994) define one association for CA coastal salt marshes.
Series Association:Atwater et al. (1979): Common pickleweed association, Common pickleweed-gumplant association, Common pickleweed-saltgrass association [= Eicher (1987), = Newton (1989)]. Eicher (1987): Common pickleweed-jaumea-saltgrass association [= Common pickleweed-jaumea association (Newton 1989)]. Peinado et al. (1994): Bigelow pickleweed association [as Salicornietum bigelovii].
FormationTemperate or sub-polar grassland with sparse shrub layer
Geographical associated regions: View Regions for: Pickleweed series
Representative Image: View Representative Photograph for: Pickleweed series
Common species: View common species for: Pickleweed series

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