Monterey pine series
Section: tree Series Dominated by Trees
Series formation: 
Series height:<30 m
Series canopy cover:ci
Series ground layer:sa
Elevation range (lower):0
(upper):   300
Wetland information:[not available]
Upland information: Uplands:maritime terraces, headlands. Soils excessively drained.
Reference:Monterey pine range in CA (Griffin & Critchfield 1972). Axelrod (1980a, 1980b), Cylinder (1995) Deghi al. (1995), Jones & Stokes (1994a,b), MacDonald & Laacke (1990), Mathews & Nedeff (1995), Paysen et al. (1980), Vogl et al. (1977).
Comments:Plantations exist in the state and worldwide, but only three natural areas exist in California near Ano Nuevo in Santa Cruz and San Mateo Cos., Cambria in San Luis Obispo Co., and on the Monterey peninsula in Monterey Co. Qualitative descriptions (Jones & Stokes 1994) point out the high level of variation in species composition among the three areas where the pine grows. At the Ano Nuevo area, Monterey pine associates with coast live oak, Douglas-fir, knobcone pine, madrone, ponderosa pine, and redwood. In the other areas, the pine grows with Bishop pine and coast live oak. Cylinder (1995) describes the link between marine terrace conditions and Monterey pine success. His eight proposed vegetation types suggest that Monterey pine dominates in stands of distinct species composition on different terraces, and that it is also a secondary species in other series [see Bishop pine series, Coyote brush series, Knobcone pine series]. Monterey pine is rare (a CNPS List 1B plant) (Skinner & Pavlik 1994).
Plot based descriptions:Vogl et al. (1977) describe three stands. All were affected by differing degrees of cutting and grazing.
Series Association:[not available]
FormationMixed needle-leafed evergreen-cold deciduous forest
Geographical associated regions: View Regions for: Monterey pine series
Representative Image: View Representative Photograph for: Monterey pine series
Common species: View common species for: Monterey pine series

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