Mixed scrub oak series
Section: shrb Series Dominated by Shrubs
Series formation: 
Series height:<4 m
Series canopy cover:s
Series ground layer:s
Elevation range (lower):300
(upper):   1500
Wetland information:[not available]
Upland information: Uplands:all slopes. Soils deep or shal\-low, may be rocky.
Reference:Hanes (1977, 1981), (Horton 1960), Keeley & Keeley (1988), Pase (1982a).
Comments:The term scrub oak has been used for several shrubby live oaks. The Jepson Manual applies the name Quercus dumosa , Nuttall scrub oak, (a CNPS List 1B plant) to a rare SoCo species (Skinner & Pavlik 1994). Referen in the ecological literature to Q. dumosa are more appropriately Q. berberidifolia which ranges through much of Cis-CA. Interior live oak, desert scrub oak, and the rarer Muller oak, Tucker oak, and Palmer oak are also called scrub oaks. Careful identification of the oaks in a stand will be neces to correctly assign them to a series. [see California juniper series, Interior live oak shrub series]. Gordon & White (1994) define four series in So-CA in which scrub oak shares importance with one other shrub. In these types scrub oak cover is 60-30% and another species cover 30-60% [ see Scrub oak-birchleaf mountain-mahogany series, Scrub oak -chamise series, Scrub oak-chaparral whitethorn series]. If stand composition does not meet these definitions, then place it here.
Plot based descriptions:Gordon & White (1994) define six associations in So-CA.
Series Association:Gordon & White (1994): Scrub oak-bigberry manzanita association Scrub oak-deerbrush association, Scrub oak-hairyleaf ceanothus association, Scrub oak-toyon association, Scrub oak-wedgeleaf ceanothus association, and Scrub oak-woollyleaf ceanothus association
FormationTemperate broad-leaved evergreen shrubland
Geographical associated regions: View Regions for: Mixed scrub oak series
Representative Image: View Representative Photograph for: Mixed scrub oak series
Common species: View common species for: Mixed scrub oak series

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