Interior live oak-canyon live oak shrub series
Section: shrb Series Dominated by Shrubs
Series formation: 
Series height:<6 m
Series canopy cover:ci
Series ground layer:v
Elevation range (lower):700
(upper):   1900
Wetland information:[not available]
Upland information: Uplands:slopes north-facing, may be steep. Soil alluvial or bedrock-derived, may be rocky.
Reference:Hanes (1977, 1981), Horton (1960), Griffin (1977), Keeley & Keeley (1988), Minnich (1976), Pase (1982a), Patric & Hanes (1964), White (1991).
Comments:Interior live oak is a widespread and common species in shrublands and forests. Stands where it occurs as a shrub, either because it is presumably distinct [ Quercus wislizenii var. frutescens ] or because of age, are included in this series. Many of the So-CA shrub stands are believed to be the result of frequent sprouting after fires (White & Sawyer 1995). Stands old enough to form woodlands and forests are included in the Interior live oak series. This series definition follows Gordon & White (1994). If interior live oak as a shrub has > 60% cover, the stand is a member of the Interior live oak shrub series. If interior live oak as a shrub cover is 60-30% and canyon live oak as a shrub cover 60%, then the stand is a member of this series [ see Interior live oak-chaparral whitethorn shrub series, Interior live oak-scrub oak shrub series]. Keeler-Wolf (1990e) qualitatively describes interior live oak shrub stands at Fall Canyon RNA in Los Angeles Co., White (1994a) at Cleghorn Canyon candidate RNA in San Bernardino Co. i. m-TraR; Keeler-Wolf (1990e) at Cahuilla Mountain RNA in Riverside Co. m-PenR.
Plot based descriptions:Gordon & White (1994) define an Interior live oak-canyon live oak shrub association in m-TraR, m-PenR. White & Sawyer (1995) describe unclassified plots.
Series Association:[not available]
FormationMixed broad-leaved evergreen-cold deciduous woodland
Geographical associated regions: View Regions for: Interior live oak-canyon live oak shrub series
Representative Image: View Representative Photograph for: Interior live oak-canyon live oak shrub series
Common species: View common species for: Interior live oak-canyon live oak shrub series

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