Interior live oak shrub series
Section: shrb Series Dominated by Shrubs
Series formation: 
Series height:<6 m
Series canopy cover:ci
Series ground layer:v
Elevation range (lower):300
(upper):   1850
Wetland information:[not available]
Upland information: Uplands:all slopes, may be steep. Soils alluvial or bedrock-derived, may be rocky.
Reference:Hanes (1977, 1981), Horton (1960), Griffin (1977), Keeley & Keeley (1988), Minnich (1976), Pase (1982a), Patric & Hanes (1964), (White 1992).
Comments:Interior live oak is a widespread and common species in shrublands and forests. Stands where it occurs as a shrub, either because it is presumably distinct taxon [ Quercus wislizenii var. frutescens ] or because of age, are included in this series. Many of the So-CA shrub stands are believed to be the result of frequent sprouting after fires (White & Sawye r 1995). Stands old enough to form woodlands and forests are included in the Interior live oak series. This series definition follows Gordon & White (1994). If interior live oak as a shrub has > 60% cover, the stand is a member of this series. If interior live oak as a shrub cover is 60-30% and another species cover 30-60%, then the stand is a member mixed series [ see Interior live oak-chaparral whitethorn shrub series, Interior live oak-scrub oak shrub series, Interior live oak-canyon live oak shrub series].
Plot based descriptions:Keeler-Wolf (1983) Keeler- Wolf (1990e) describes stands as Non-serpentinite chaparral at Frenzel Creek RNA in Colusa Co. i-NorCo. White & Sawyer (1995) show that oak chaparral is distinct from interior live oak forest [ see Interior live oak series] and oak-ceanothus shrubland [ see Chaparral whitethorn series] in San Bernardino Co. i. m-TraR. Oak chaparral is equivalent to the interior live oak phase of north-slope chaparral (Patric & Hanes 1964) and the interior live oak phase of oak chaparral (Minnich 1976). Gordon & White (1994) define a Shrub interior live oak association in So-CA.
Series Association:[not available]
FormationMixed broad-leaved evergreen-cold deciduous woodland
Geographical associated regions: View Regions for: Interior live oak shrub series
Representative Image: View Representative Photograph for: Interior live oak shrub series
Common species: View common species for: Interior live oak shrub series

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