Interior live oak series
Section: tree Series Dominated by Trees
Series formation: 
Series height:<15 m
Series canopy cover:c
Series ground layer:s
Elevation range (lower):500
(upper):   4500
Wetland information:[not available]
Upland information: Uplands:slopes; valleys; raised stream benches and terraces. Soils shallow, moderately to excessively drained. The national inventory of wetland plants (Reed 1988) does not list interior live oak.
Reference:Interior live oak range in CA (Griffin & Critchfield 1972). Allen et al. (1989, 1991), Allen-Diaz & Holtzman (1991), Barbour (1988), Cooper (1922), Griffin (1977), Paysen et al. (1980), Pavlik et al. (1991), Shreve (1927).
Comments:Interior live oak is common in several series. Stands where it dominates may be forests or woodlands. If the stand is composed of shrubs, it is a member of the Interior live oak shrub series. Just-fication for recognizing two series is presented in White & Sawyer (1995). Allen et al. (1991) mention probable wetland associations. Keeler-Wolf (1990d) qualitatively describes interior live oak-dominated stands at Indian Creek candidate RNA in Tehama Co. f-CasR.
Plot based descriptions:Allen et al. (1989, 1991) define six subseries in Cis-CA, based on tree and shrub data only. They are called associations here. Keeler-Wolf (1988d) in Keeler-Wolf (1990e) describes stands at Millard Canyon RNA in Riverside Co. TraR.
Series Association:Allen et al. (1991): Interior live oak-blue oak-foothill pine association, Interior live oak-foothill pine/common manzanita association, Interior live oak-madrone/poison-oak association, Interior live oak/whiteleaf manzanita association, Interior live oak/yerba santa/grass association.
FormationMixed broad-leaved evergreen-cold deciduous woodland
Geographical associated regions: View Regions for: Interior live oak series
Representative Image: View Representative Photograph for: Interior live oak series
Common species: View common species for: Interior live oak series

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