Incense-cedar series
Section: tree Series Dominated by Trees
Series formation: 
Series height:<65 m
Series canopy cover:c
Series ground layer:v
Elevation range (lower):500
(upper):   2100
Wetland information:[not available]
Upland information: Uplands:slopes, ridges; raised stream benches and terraces. Soils around wet meadows, upper slopes, ridges. The national inventory of wetland plants (Reed 1988) does not list incense-cedar.
Reference:Incense-cedar range in CA (Griffin & Critchfield 1972); silvics (Powers & Oliver 1990). Barbour (1988), Kruckeberg (1984), Minnich (1987).
Comments:Incense-cedar dominated stands have commonly been included in definitions of mixed conifer forest. It is best to consider the mixed conifer forest as a collection of series.
Plot based descriptions:Muldavin (1982) defines one association in Humboldt Co., Keeler-Wolf (1986c, 1988b) in Keeler-Wolf (1990e) describes a gully forest at Doll Basin candidate RNA in Mendocino Co. m-NorCo; Stuart et al. (1992) define one association at Castle Crags State Park in Siskiyou Co. l-KlaR; Keeler-Wolf (1986e, 1988e) in Keeler-Wolf (1990e) describes a canyon bottom forest at Hall Canyon RNA in Riverside Co. m-PenR.
Series Association:Muldavin (1982): Incense-cedar/twayblane association [as Listera convallarioides-Athyrium filix-femina association]. Stuart et al. (1992): Incense-cedar - Douglas-fir association.
FormationTemperate broad-leaved seasonal evergreen forest
Geographical associated regions: View Regions for: Incense-cedar series
Representative Image: View Representative Photograph for: Incense-cedar series
Common species: View common species for: Incense-cedar series

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