Greenleaf manzanita series
Section: shrb Series Dominated by Shrubs
Series formation: 
Series height:<2 m
Series canopy cover:ci
Series ground layer:s
Elevation range (lower):750
(upper):   3350
Wetland information:[not available]
Upland information: Uplands:ridges, upper slopes, may be steep. Soils shallow, commonly granitic or volcanic-derived.
Reference:Barbour (1988), Paysen et al. (1980), Riser & Fry (1994), Solinas et al. (1985).
Comments:Greenleaf manzanita occurs as scattered shrubs in a forest understory or as a sole or dominant shrub in what is often called montane chaparral. Self-perpetuating stands grow on shallow soils; those transitional to forest occur on deeper soils. This series is found in the montane and subalpine zones, where it is extensive. Greenleaf manzanita series stands share shrub species and elevations with stands of the Huckleberry oak series and Tobacco brush series. Stands of these series can be differentiated on the importance of huckleberry oak. In this series, huckleberry oak is a minor species. Parry manzanita replaces greenleaf manzanita in TraR. These stands will be included in this series. Keeler-Wolf (1990e) qualitatively describes greenleaf manzanita stands as montane chaparral at Pearch Creek in Humboldt Co. m-KlaR; at Antelope Creek Lakes candidate RNA, at Shasta Mudflow RNA, at Shasta Red Fir candidate RNA in Siskiyou Co., Feidle et al. (1986) at Green Island Lake candidate RNA in Butte Co. m-CasR, su-CasR; Keeler-Wolf (1990e) at Millard Canyon RNA in Riverside Co. i. m-TraR.
Plot based descriptions:Sawyer & Thornburgh (1977b) define a Huckleberry oak-greenleaf manzanita association on granites in Siskiyou and Trinity Cos. m-KlaR, su-KlaR.
Series Association:[not available]
FormationMixed evergreen-deciduous shrubland
Geographical associated regions: View Regions for: Greenleaf manzanita series
Representative Image: View Representative Photograph for: Greenleaf manzanita series
Common species: View common species for: Greenleaf manzanita series

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