Fourwing saltbush series
Section: shrb Series Dominated by Shrubs
Series formation: 
Series height:<2 m
Series canopy cover:cio
Series ground layer:s
Elevation range (lower):-75
(upper):   2200
Wetland information:[not available]
Upland information: Uplands:bluffs; dunes; lower, rocky slopes; washes. Soils may be carbonate-rich. The national list of wetland plants (Reed 1988) lists fourwing saltbush as a FACU.
Reference:Burk (1977), MacMahon (1988), McHargue (1973), Paysen et al. (1980), Thorne (1982), Tueller (1994).
Comments:This series is often considered part of the chenopod or saltbush scrub. These scrubs are better thought of as a collection of series [ see Allscale series, Desert-holly series, Fourwing saltbush series, Shadscale series, Spinescale series]. Stands with fourwing saltbush alone or mixed with other shrubs occur in many environments from the coast to interior deserts. This species can occur in wetland habitats. Vegetation descriptions suggest the series is an upland one.
Plot based descriptions:Spolsky (1979) defines a Saltbush-creosote bush scrub association in Anza Borrego Desert State Park in San Diego Co. ColD.
Series Association:[not available]
FormationMixed evergreen-deciduous shrubland
Geographical associated regions: View Regions for: Fourwing saltbush series
Representative Image: View Representative Photograph for: Fourwing saltbush series
Common species: View common species for: Fourwing saltbush series

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