Engelmann oak series
Section: tree Series Dominated by Trees
Series formation: 
Series height:<18 m
Series canopy cover:o
Series ground layer:g
Elevation range (lower):50
(upper):   1220
Wetland information:[not available]
Upland information: Uplands:gentle slopes; valley bottoms; raised stream terraces along stream corridors in canyons. Soils deep. The national inventory of wetland plants (Reed 1988) does not list Engelmann oak.
Reference:Engelmann oak range in CA (Griffin & Critchfield 1972) "McDonald 1990" . Barbour (1988), Bowler (1989), Brown (1982b), Griffin (1977), Holstein (1984), Lathrop & Zuill (1984), Pavlik et al. (1991), Scott (1991), Snow (1973), Zuill (1967).
Comments:Both open and dense woodlands are included in this series as long as Engelmann oak is important or dominant. If coast live oak is more important than Engelmann oak, then the stand is a member of the Coast live oak series. Engelmann oak hybridizes with scrub oak. Oaks intermediate between the two species are common on margins between scrub oak stands and Engelmann oak stands. Keeler-Wolf (1990e) qualitatively describes riparian forests with Engelmann oak at King Creek RNA, at Organ Valley RNA in San Diego Co. SoCo. Engelmann oak is rare (a CNPS List 4 plant) (Skinner & Pavlik 1994).
Plot based descriptions:Griffin (1977), Griggs (1987), Lathrop & Arct (1987) describe stands at the Santa Rosa Plateau in Riverside Co., Griffin (1977) stands Ramona-Santa Ysabel area in San Diego Co. SoCo.
Series Association:[not available]
FormationCold-deciduous forest
Geographical associated regions: View Regions for: Engelmann oak series
Representative Image: View Representative Photograph for: Engelmann oak series
Common species: View common species for: Engelmann oak series

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