Cordgrass series
Section: herb Series Dominated by Herbaceous Plants
Series formation: 
Series height:< 1.5m
Series canopy cover:ci
Series ground layer:?
Elevation range (lower):0
(upper):   0
Wetland information:Wetlands:habitat regularly flooded, irregularly flooded. Water chemistry: mixohaline, euhaline. Estuaries: mudflats, banks, berms, and margins of bays, deltas, sandbars. Cowardin class: Estuarine intertidal persistent emergent wetland. The national list of wetla d plants (Reed 1988) lists cordgrasses as a OBL or FACW.
Upland information: [not available]
Reference:Chapman (1977), Henrickson (1976), MacDonald (1977), MacDonald & Barbour (1974), Paysen et al. (1980), Vogl (1966), Zedler et al. (1992).
Comments:Five species of Spartina are recognized in The Jepson Manual ; two are native. California cordgrass grows in CenCo and SoCo salt marshes; Alkali cordgrass in alkali meadows and marshes in TraSN, MojD. Three cordgrasses are introduced. Dense-flowered cordgrass is locally important in CenCo (San Francisco Bay) and NorCo (Humboldt Bay) salt marshes; saltmeadow cordgrass in CenCo salt marshes. The introduction of exotic cordgrasses has altered historic vegetation patterns (Spicher & yn 1985). CA salt marshes are represented by this, Pickleweed series, and Saltgrass series. MacDonald (1977) describes regional differences in salt marshes. Barnhart et al. (1992) details salt marshes at Humboldt Bay; Josselyn (1983) at San Francisco Bay o-CenCo; Zedler (1982) So-CA ones.
Plot based descriptions:Eicher (1987) defines an association at Humboldt Bay in Humboldt Co., Cuneo (1987) describes marshes in San Francisco and San Pablo bays NorCo; Atwater et al. (1979) defines one association in Contra Costa Co. d-CenV; Peinado et al. (1994) one association for CA coastal salt marshes; Odion et al. (1992) one association at Fish Sough in TraSN.
Series Association:Atwater et al. (1979): California cordgrass association [= Spartinetum foliosae (Peinado et al. 1994)]. Eicher (1987): Dense-flowered cordgrass association. Odion et al. (1992): Alkali cordgrass-alkali sacaton association [as Spartina-Sporobolus association].
FormationTemperate or sub-polar grassland with sparse dwarf-shrub layer
Geographical associated regions: View Regions for: Cordgrass series
Representative Image: View Representative Photograph for: Cordgrass series
Common species: View common species for: Cordgrass series

Query California Vegetation Database by:
home | links | terms


© CNPS 1997