Cattail series
Section: herb Series Dominated by Herbaceous Plants
Series formation: 
Series height:<4 m
Series canopy cover:cio
Series ground layer:?
Elevation range (lower):0
(upper):   2000
Wetland information:Wetlands:habitat permanently flooded, regularly flooded, semipermanently flooded, seasonally flooded, irregularly flooded, irregularly exposed. Water chemistry: fresh, mixohaline, hyperhaline, mixosaline, hypersaline. Bay, estuary, dune swale, slough terrace edges; berm, backwater, bank, bottomland, mouth margins of rivers; channel, creek, ditch margins; lake beds; lagoon, pond, reservoir argins; along geologic faults. Soils peaty. Cowardin classes: Estuarine intertidal persistent emergent wetland, Lacustrine littoral emergent wetland, Palustrine nonpersistent emergent saline wetland, Palustrine persistent emergent freshwater wetland, Pal strine persistent emergent saline wetland. The national list of wetland plants (Reed 1988) lists cattails as a OBL.
Upland information: [not available]
Reference:Ferren (1989), Marshall (1948), MacDonald (1977), Paysen et al. (1980), Thorne (1982), Zedler (1982).
Comments:This series occurs in alkali, brackish, or freshwater marshes. Barnhart et al. (1992) describe Humboldt Bay marshes in Humboldt Co. o-NorCo; MacDonald (1977) the San Francisco Bay complex, Ferren (1989) the Santa Barbara area marshes o-CenCo; MacDonald (1977) South Coast marshes o-SoCo. The Bulrush series, Cattail series, and Bulr sh-cattail series grow in similar habitats [ see Bulrush series, Bulrush-cattail series]. Baker (1972) qualitatively describes stands as Fringing emergent at Ingelnook Fen in Mendocino Co. o-NorCo.
Plot based descriptions:none available.
Series Association:[not available]
FormationTemperate or sub-polar annual grassland or forb vegetation
Geographical associated regions: View Regions for: Cattail series
Representative Image: View Representative Photograph for: Cattail series
Common species: View common species for: Cattail series

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