California bay series
Section: tree Series Dominated by Trees
Series formation: 
Series height:<25 m
Series canopy cover:c
Series ground layer:s
Elevation range (lower):0
(upper):   500
Wetland information:Wetlands:soils intermittently flooded. Water chemistry: fresh. Streamsides. Cowardin class: Palustrine forested wetland. all aspects. Soils sandstone, schist-derived. The national inventory of wetland plants (Reed 1988) lists California bay as a FAC+.
Upland information: Uplands:all aspects. Soils sandstone, schist-derived. The national inventory of wetland plants (Reed 1988) lists California bay as a FAC+.
Reference:California bay range in CA (Griffin & Critchfield 1972); silvics (Stein 1990b). Barbour (1988), McBride (1974), Paysen et al. (1980), Unsiker (1974).
Comments:California bay is an important component of several o-NorCo and o-CenCo series. The species range is much more extensive than the series however. For a stand to be a member of this series, California bay must be the tree canopy dominant. In many cases, California bay is the only tree species present in old stands and few shrubs and herbs are present (McBride 1974). Most large stands have been cut and the land cleared (Stein 1990b). Coast silktassel is a common component of this series in coastal stands. There are a few coast silk- tassel-dominated stands lacking California bay in o-NorCo [ ex. Clam Beach cliffs, Humboldt Co.].
Plot based descriptions:Fiedler & Leidy (1987) define one association at Ring Mountain, Parker (1990) one association at Mount Tamalpais in Marin Co. o-NorCo. McBride (1974) compares the species composition of what he calls California bay woodland stands and oak woodland stand in Contra Costa Co., Campbell (1980) defines one association in Santa Barbara Co. o-CenCo.
Series Association:Campbell (1980): California bay association [as Umbellularia community]. Fiedler & Leidy (1987): Tanoak-California bay association [as Mixed broadleaf evergreen forest]. Parker (1990): California bay-madrone association.
FormationMixed broad-leaved evergreen-cold deciduous woodland
Geographical associated regions: View Regions for: California bay series
Representative Image: View Representative Photograph for: California bay series
Common species: View common species for: California bay series

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