Bulrush series
Section: herb Series Dominated by Herbaceous Plants
Series formation: 
Series height:<4 m
Series canopy cover:cio
Series ground layer:?
Elevation range (lower):0
(upper):   2100
Wetland information:Wetlands:habitat permanently flooded, regularly flooded, semipermanently flooded, seasonally flooded, irregularly flooded, irregularly exposed. Water chemistry: fresh, mixohaline, hyperhaline, mixosaline, hypersaline. Bay, estuary, dune swale, slough terrace edges; berm, backwater, bank, bottomland margins of rivers; channel, creek, ditch margins; lake beds; lagoon, pond, reservoir margins; along geologic faults. Soils peaty. Cowardin classes: Estuarine intertidal persistent emergent wetland, Lacustrine littoral emergent wetland, Palustrine nonpersistent emergent saline wetland, Palustrine persistent emergent freshwater wetland, Palustrine ersistent emergent saline wetland. The national list of wetland plants (Reed 1988) lists dominant bulrushes as a OBL.
Upland information: [not available]
Reference:Barnhart et al. (1992), MacDonald (1977), Paysen et al. (1980), Thorne (1982), Marshall (1948), Zedler (1982).
Comments:This series occurs in alkali, brackish, or freshwater marshes dominated by tall bulrushes or tules. Barnhart et al. (1992) describe Humboldt Bay marshes in Humboldt Co. o- NorCo; MacDonald (1977) the San Francisco Bay complex, Ferren (1989) the Santa Barbara area marshes o-CenCo; MacDonald (1977) South Coast marshes o-SoCo. The Bulrush series, Cattail series, and Bulrush-cattail series grow in similar habitats [ see Cattail series, Bulrush-cattail series].
Plot based descriptions:Atwater et al. (1979) define one association for Contra Costa, Solano Cos. d-CenV; Bradley (1970) one association at Death Valley National Monument in Inyo Co. MojD; Odion et al. (1992) one association at Fish Slough in Inyo Co. TraSN.
Series Association:Atwater et al. (1979): California bulrush association. Bradley (1970): Common three-square association [as Bulrush vegetation with Scirpus olneyi , see The Jepson Manual ]. Odion et al. (1992): Common three-square - littlebeak spikerush association [as Scirpus-Eleocharis association].
FormationTemperate or sub-polar grassland with sparse dwarf-shrub layer
Geographical associated regions: View Regions for: Bulrush series
Representative Image: View Representative Photograph for: Bulrush series
Common species: View common species for: Bulrush series

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