Blue oak series
Section: tree Series Dominated by Trees
Series formation: 
Series height:<18 m
Series canopy cover:c
Series ground layer:g
Elevation range (lower):30
(upper):   1700
Wetland information:[not available]
Upland information: Uplands:valleys, slopes gentle to steep. Soils shallow, infertile, moderately to excessively-drained with extensive rock fragments. Sur-face may be covered with stones and rock outcrops.
Reference:Blue oak range in CA (Griffin & Critchfield 1972); silvics (McDonald 1990b). Allen et al. (1989, 1991), Allen-Diaz & Bartolome (1992), Allen-Diaz & Holtzman (1991), Baker et al. (1981), Barbour (1988), Borchert (1994), Borchert et al. (1989), Borchert et al. (1991), Gemmill (1980), Griffin (1977), Holland (1976), McClaran & Bartolome (1989,
Comments:Stands of this series are commonly des-cribed as blue oak woodlands, but forest and savanna stands also qualify. Alvord oak stands are included in this series. Keeler-Wolf (1990e) qualitatively describes blue oak-dominated stands at Jawbone Ridge in Tuo umne Co. f-SN.
Plot based descriptions:Allen et al. (1989, 1991) define 11 subseries in Cis-CA based on tree and shrub data. They are called associations here. Borchert et al. (1993a) define 13 associations in San Luis Obispo and Santa Barbara Co., Keele r-Wolf (1989a) describes stands at Wagon Caves candidate RNA in Monterey Co. CenCo.; Keeler-Wolf (1986b, 1990d) in Keeler-Wolf (1990e) stands at Indian Creek candidate RNA f-CasR; Newton (1987) in Keeler-Wolf (1990e) define one association at Devil's Bas n candidate RNA in Tehama Co. i-NorCo.; McClaran (1987) describes stands in Tulare Co. f-SN.
Series Association:Allen, et al . (1991): Blue oak-coast live oak/grass association, Blue oak-foothill pine/grass association, Blue oak-foothill pine/wedgeleaf ceanothus - birchleaf mountain-mahogany association, Blue oak-foothill pine/whiteleaf manzanita/grass association, Blue oak/grass association, Blue oak-interior live oak/grass association, Blue oak-interior live oak/wedgeleaf ceanothus/ grass association, Blue oak/linearleaf goldenbush association, Blue oak-understory oak/grass association, Blue oak-valley oak-coast live oak/grass association, Blue oak-valley oak/grass association, Blue oak/wedgeleaf ceanothus/grass association, Interior live oak-blue oak-foothill pine/grass association. Borchert et al. (1993a): Blue oak/bajada lupine-tree clover association, Blue oak/birchleaf mountain-mahogany/bowlesia- woodland star association, Blue oak/blue larkspur-California phacelia association, Blue oak/blue-eyed Mary-rigiopappus association, Blue oak/Chile lotus-purple needlegrass association, Blue oak/common fiddleneck-rusty popcorn flower association, Blue oak/foxtail-Johnny-jump-up association, Blue oak/hillside gooseberry/ripgut brome association, Blue oak/phloxleaf bedstraw-bajada lupine association, Blue oak/wand buckwheat/Chile lotus-California plantain association, Blue oak/wart spurge-goldenback fern association, Blue oak/whitestem filaree-foxtail association, Blue oak-interior live oak/mission star association. Newton (1987): Blue oak/Lemmon needlegrass association.
FormationMixed needle-leafed evergreen-cold deciduous woodland
Geographical associated regions: View Regions for: Blue oak series
Representative Image: View Representative Photograph for: Blue oak series
Common species: View common species for: Blue oak series

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