Black sage series
Section: shrb Series Dominated by Shrubs
Series formation: 
Series height:<2 m
Series canopy cover:ci
Series ground layer:v
Elevation range (lower):0
(upper):   1200
Wetland information:[not available]
Upland information: Uplands:slopes steep. Soils shallow.
Reference:Axelrod (1978), Barbour (1994), Burk (1977), DeSimone & Burk (1992), Haidinger & Keeley (1993), Malanson (1984), Keeley & Keeley (1988), O'Leary (1989), Mooney (1977), Pase & Brown (1982), Paysen et al. (1980), Westman (1981a, 1981b, 1981c, 1983).
Comments:This series is often considered part of the coastal scrub, which is better thought of as a collection of series. This approach allows stands of parable composition which can be con regard of geographic location. Coast bluff scrub is included here in part. Definitions differ in plant height and cover from coastal scrub, but contrast little in species comp osition. Keeler-Wolf (1990e) qualitatively describes black sage dominated stands at Limekiln Creek RNA (now part of the Cone Peak Gradient RNA) in Monterey Co. o-CenCo.
Plot based descriptions:Kirkpatrick & Hutchin (1977) define two associations, Malanson (1984) two associations, Mooney (1977) one as in SoCo; White (1994b) recognizes this one among seven coastal scrub series in western Riverside Co. i-SoCo.
Series Association:Kirkpatrick & Hutchin (1977): Black sage-laurel sumac association, Black sage-California buckwheat association [= Venturan 1a in part (Malanson 1984)]. Malanson (1984): Black sage association [as Ven 1a in part ], Black sage-California encelia association [as Ven 1a in part ]. Mooney (1977): Black sage-coast prickly-pear association [as coastal sage suc scrub in Table 13-1].
FormationTemperate broad-leaved evergreen shrubland
Geographical associated regions: View Regions for: Black sage series
Representative Image: View Representative Photograph for: Black sage series
Common species: View common species for: Black sage series

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