Birchleaf mountain-mahogany - California buckwheat
Section: shrb Series Dominated by Shrubs
Series formation: 
Series height:<4 m
Series canopy cover:c
Series ground layer:s
Elevation range (lower):900
(upper):   1950
Wetland information:[not available]
Upland information: Uplands:all slopes, may be steep, alluvium. Soils deep or shallow. On seep rock, soil absent.
Reference:Barbour (1994), Hanes (1976, 1977, 1981), Horton (1960), Keeley 1992, Keeley & Keeley (1988), O'Leary (1989), Pase (1982a).
Comments:This definition follows Gordon & White (1994). Birchleaf mountain-mahogany is found in stands of many chaparral series. It also can be a tree forming a forest [ see Birchleaf mountain-mahogany series where it dominates, whether it is a tree or shrub]. In this series birchleaf mountain-mahogany mixes with coastal scrub and chaparral shrubs, the most important one being California buckwheat. Birchleaf mountain-mahogany shares importance in the Bigpod ceanothus - birchleaf moun series, Red shank - birchleaf mountain-mahogany series, and Scrub oak -birch-leaf mountain-mahogany series. White (1994a) qualitatively describes stands at Cleghorn Canyon candidate RNA in San Bernardino Co. in m-TraR.
Plot based descriptions:Gordon & White (1994) define a Birchleaf mountain-mahogany - California buckwheat association in m-TraR, m-PenR.
Series Association:[not available]
FormationExtremely xeromorphic evergreen dwarf shrubland
Geographical associated regions: View Regions for: Birchleaf mountain-mahogany - California buckwheat
Representative Image: View Representative Photograph for: Birchleaf mountain-mahogany - California buckwheat
Common species: View common species for: Birchleaf mountain-mahogany - California buckwheat

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