Bigcone Douglas-fir series
Section: tree Series Dominated by Trees
Series formation: 
Series height:<30 m
Series canopy cover:s
Series ground layer:s
Elevation range (lower):275
(upper):   2400
Wetland information:[not available]
Upland information: Uplands:aspect primarily north-facing. Soils sandstone, schist-derived, shallow, well-drained.
Reference:Bigcone Douglas-fir range in CA (Griffin & Critchfield 1972); silvics (McDonald 1990a). Barbour (1988), McDonald & Littrell (1976), Minnich (1976, 1980b, 1982, 1987), Paysen et al. (1980), Sawyer et al. (1977).
Comments:In this series bigcone Douglas-fir is the dominant canopy tree whereas in the Bigcone Douglas-fir - canyon live oak series it is important. The canopy is one-tiered here, lacking the dense lower tier of canyon live oak characteristic of the Bigcone Douglas-fir - canyon live oak series.
Plot based descriptions:McDonald & Littrell (1976) define stands in So-CA; Sproul (1981) in Keeler-Wolf (1990e) in Falls Canyon RNA in Los Angeles Co. i. m-TraR
Series Association:[not available]
FormationTemperate or sub-polar needle-leaved evergreen forest
Geographical associated regions: View Regions for: Bigcone Douglas-fir series
Representative Image: View Representative Photograph for: Bigcone Douglas-fir series
Common species: View common species for: Bigcone Douglas-fir series

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