Bigberry manzanita series
Section: shrb Series Dominated by Shrubs
Series formation: 
Series height:<8 m
Series canopy cover:c
Series ground layer:s
Elevation range (lower):600
(upper):   1400
Wetland information:[not available]
Upland information: Uplands:outcrops, ridges, slopes north-facing, alluvial fans. Soils shallow, coarse-textured, may be ultramafic derived.
Reference:Hanes (1977, 1981), Horton (1960), Keeley (1987, 1992), Keeley & Keeley (1988), Pase (1982a), Patric & Hanes (1964), Paysen et al. (1980), Vasek & Clovis (1976), White (1994c), Wilson & Vogl (1965).
Comments:This definition follows Gordon & White (1994). In stands of this series, chamise is a minor canopy species. Bigberry manzanita plays a minor role in stands of Chamise series or Chamise-wedgeleaf ceanothus series. In the closely related Chamise-bigberry manzanita series both species are important. Bigberry manzanita can become very large in old stands.
Plot based descriptions:Gordon & White (1994) define a Bigberry manzanita association in m-PenR, Keeley & Keeley (1988) describes two stands in m-TraR.
Series Association:[not available]
FormationTemperate broad-leaved evergreen woodland
Geographical associated regions: View Regions for: Bigberry manzanita series
Representative Image: View Representative Photograph for: Bigberry manzanita series
Common species: View common species for: Bigberry manzanita series

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